Instructions to Authors - Please read very carefully.
1. Preparation of Manuscript:
Manuscripts should be written in concise English and double spaced with margin of 2.5 cm on both
sides. All pages, including Figures and Tables, should be numbered consecutively at the lower right hand
corner, starting with the Title page and arranged in the following order: Title page, Abstract, Introduction,
Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements (optional), References, Tables and
Figures. The Results and Discussion sections may be merged if necessary. All scientific
measurements should be expressed in the System International (S. I.) units.
I. Title Page: The title page should contain the following information: Title of the paper in bold face (font
size 14, sentence case). Names of the authors should appear in normal face as first giving name, then
initials and the surname (font size 12). This should be followed by complete postal address (es) of the
authors in lower case italics. The author for correspondence should be identified by an asterisk mark with
full name and title together with a functional telephone number and e-mail address.
ii. Abstract: An abstract, not exceeding 250 words (50 words for a Short Communication), should follow
the title page. It should contain, in brief, all aspects of the study, highlighting the background to the study,
the methods used, significant findings and conclusions. It should be free of references and abbreviations.
Case reports and Letters to the Editor need not include the Abstract section.
iii. Key Words: Four to eight key words should be provided under the Abstract, each separated by a
iv. Introduction: The introduction should supply essential background information on the study, citing
relevant references. This should end with a clear statement on the aim and objective(s) of the study.
v. Materials and Methods: This section should describe the equipment and materials used for the
study, and the experimental procedures in sufficient detail to allow other investigators repeat the work if
necessary. However, where standard methods or those already described in an indexed journal are
employed, a mere reference to such technique will suffice. The statistical method(s) chosen and the
level of significance should be clearly stated.
vi. Results: The results should be written in reported speech (past tense) and present the essential
findings of the research. As much as possible, the results section should be brief and free of citation or
discussion. Only such data as are essential for understanding the discussion and the main conclusions
emerging from the study should be provided. The data should be arranged in a unified and coherent
sequence so that the report develops clearly and logically. There should be statistical or illustrative
validation of the assertions. The same data should not be presented in both tabular and graphic forms.
vii. Discussion: The Discussion should not repeat the results but deal with interpretation of the results,
citing relevant references to support or disagree with the research findings. Emphasis should therefore
be on the most important points of the study with a minimum of speculation and proposal (if any) for
relevant future studies.
viii. Acknowledgements: This section is optional. However, if cited should be brief with information only
on technical, secretarial assistance and/or funding.
ix. References: References should be numbered in the order they are first mentioned in the text.
Identification of references in the text should be by numbers placed in square brackets. For example,
Several studies have shown that barley can be used in layer diets [1,2] or Abiade-Paul et al.  reported
It is preferred to cite a review instead of listing several publications with similar results. If a citation
has more than two authors, the first should be given followed by et al, for example, Wong et al. 
All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the
manuscript and should be given Arabic numerals. The arrangement should be in the order they were first
mentioned in the text rather than alphabetically. The list of references should contain the surnames and
initials of all authors. In all cases, the complete name of the journal should be used. Authors should, as
much as possible, include the digital optical identification (DOI), ISSN and ISBN numbers of articles,
journals and books respectively following the first and last page numbers of each reference listed.
Authors should avoid citing Personal Communications except where such citations provide essential
information not available from a public source. In such cases, the name of the individual and the date of
communication should be indicated in parenthesis in the text.
Full details of referencing style may be obtained by e-mail from the Editor in Chief. The recommended
format for commonly cited types of references is shown below. For other types of references, such as
electronic media, newspaper items etc. please refer to ICMJE (http://www.icmje.org/).
Abiade-Paul, C. U., Kene, I. C. and Chah, K. F. (2006). Occurrence and antibiogram of Salmonellae
in effluent from Nsukka Municipal Abattoir. Nigerian Veterinary Journal, 27: 48 53. ISSN: 0331-
Mbaya, A. W., Nwosu, C. O., Onyeyili, P. A. (2007). Toxicity and anti-trypanosomal effects of
ethanolic extract of Butyrospermum paradoxum (Sapotaceae) stem bark in rats infected with
Trypanosoma brucei and Trypanosomacongolense. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 111: 526
530. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2006.12.020.
Gordon, R. F. and Jordan, F. T. W. (1982). Poultry diseases. 2ndEdn., , London. ISBN: 0-7020-
Chapters in Books
Baggot, J. D. (1084). Disposition and fate of drugs in the body. In: Johns Veterinary
Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Booth, W. H. and McDonald, L. E. (Eds.,). Kalyani
Publishers,New Delhi, pp. 36. ISBN: 0-7216-1473-6.
Published Proceedings of Conferences/Symposia
Shoyinka, S. V. O., Chah, K. F., Eze, D. C. and Onuoha, E. O. (2008). Clinical and pathological
features of Pitriasis rosea of pigs in Nigeria. In: proceedings of the 45th Annual congress of the
Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association, Hambolu, J. O., Ajogi, I. and Tekdek, L. B. (eds.), Owerri,
Nigeria. 122 124.
Gatongi, P. M. (1995). The epidemiology and control of gastrointestinal nematodes of small
ruminants in a semi-arid area of Kenya with emphasis on hypobiosis of Haemonchus contortus.
Ph.D. Thesis, McGill University, Canada.
Accepted but unpublished manuscripts
Ojo, S. A. and Dennis, S. M. (2008). Age determination in prenatal Zebu cattle. Journal of Animal
Science, 158: in press.
x. Figures and Tables: These should be of high quality and following the list of references. Their
headings should be concise and clearly present the subject matter. Tables should not contain internal
horizontal and vertical lines except for the top row that shows column captions. Both Tables and Figures
should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and bear a brief title in sentence case normal face
2. Submission of manuscript:
Manuscripts are accepted for publication on the condition that they have not been published or under
consideration for publication in another journal. Manuscripts should be submitted to the journal editorial
office through e-mail or our electronic submission system to:
Journal of Veterinary and Applied Sciences
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Manuscripts shall be subjected to peer review process by at least two members of the Editorial board or
other reviewers to determine their suitability for publication in the journal. The Editor-in-Chief retains the
right to modify the style and length of a manuscript to make it conform to the journal format. However,
the Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to return manuscripts that fail to conform to the requirements of the
3. Cost chargeable to authors:
The Journal of Veterinary and Applied Sciences charges authors for handling/processing and publication
of their manuscripts. A handling/processing charge of five thousand naira (N5000 or US$ 125) is made
on submission of a manuscript for review. A page charge of twenty thousand naira (N20,000 or US$ 500)
will be charged for publication of each accepted manuscript. Accepted manuscripts longer than 15
printed pages and/or those with more than 5 photographs or colour reproductions may attract additional
charges. In all cases, manuscripts will not be published until all associated charges are paid in full by the
All payments by Nigerian Authors and Subscribers are made in Nigerian Naira at to the journal account:
Name of Account: Journal of Veterinary and Applied Sciences
Bank: Diamond Bank Plc., Nigeria.
Account Number: 0019406113.
International Authors and Subscribers should contact the editor in chief at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Authors will receive electronic copies of their published manuscripts in pdf format free of charge through
the corresponding author. Hard copies of the printed journal may be obtained at a cost from the editorial
office. Authors, individuals and libraries may also purchase printed copies and back issues of the journal
from the editorial office.
5. Article Copyright
When an article is published in the Journal of Veterinary and Applied Sciences, the author(s) retain the
copyright of the article. Author(s) may republish the article as part of a book or other materials provided
they cite the original source of the publication. Similarly, articles published in the Journal of Veterinary and
Applied Sciences may be copied, redistributed, remixed, transmitted and adapted by any one provided
the original work and source is appropriately cited.